Everyone is always exposed to the sun when going out, but not all people know how the sun can affect the body. Apart from healthy effects, the sun has a bad impact on the skin. Too much sun exposure can cause skin cells to die, and lead to skin cancer. Knowing the good and bad ways the sun can affect your skin will help you protect your skin out of damages.

Good Ways the Sun Can Affect Your Body

The sun gives UV rays which can be helpful or harmful for your body. There’re three types of UV rays, including UVA, UVB, and UVC. Although we have heard about the harmfulness of UV rays, a small out of UV rays is good for you. Here’re some good ways the sun can affect your body.

1. Create Vitamin D

The sun can create vitamin D, which absorbs calcium. While your body needs calcium to strengthen and maintain healthy bones, getting vitamin D from the sun is helpful. However, you shouldn’t spend more time in the sun to get the benefits. Only 15 minutes of sun exposure in the morning will provide all the vitamin D you need. Besides, you can get vitamin D from certain types of foods or supplements.

2. Reduce Stress

It sounds strange if the sun can reduce your stress, but it’s true. You may experience stress for many reasons, including work, family, and health problems. Enjoy a little sun exposure and the fresh air in the morning to be helpful to reduce your stress.

Related: 8 Super Fruits You Should Eat for Better Health This Summer

The sun can help to reduce stress

The sun can help to reduce stress

3. Improve Your Moods

 There’re many good ways the sun can affect your body, including mood changes. Being in the sun can make you feel happy and get more energy. Because sunlight increases the levels of serotonin in your brain which is linked to improving your mood, a little sun exposure is useful to change your mood. Interestingly, the levels of serotonin are highest in the summer.

4. Treat Seasonal Depression

In some people, lack of sunlight in the winter results in depression. They may feel bad moods, tired, and sleepy too much. But these symptoms can go away when the sun begins coming. Thanks to the sunlight, people can avoid seasonal depression.

Related: The Best Tips to Keep Your Skin Looking Healthy in Summer

The sunlight helps people to avoid seasonal depression

The sunlight helps people to avoid seasonal depression

Bad Ways the Sun Can Affect Your Body

Although you can’t see the UV rays, they still reach to the inner skin layers and damage the fiber in your skin. As a result, regularly UV ray exposure can harm your health. Here’re several bad ways the sun can affect your body.

5. Cause Sunburn

Sunburn is one of the common bad effects of sun exposure. Tanning beds, or UV ray exposure for a long time put you at risk of sunburn. The symptoms of sunburn don’t appear immediately, but they occur about four or five hours after sun exposure. You may experience redness, swelling, pain, and blisters when sunburn comes. If sunburn causes fever, you should seek healthcare from your doctor.

6. Contribute to Wrinkles and Aging Process

The UV rays in the sun are the major culprit causing wrinkles and aging process. These UV rays damage collagen and elastic tissues in your skin, so the skin becomes fragile, loses its elastin, which leads to wrinkles and increases the aging process. Besides, too much sun exposure contribute to dark spots on the skin, which makes your skin doesn’t look glowing as it should be. Another worse factor for aging and wrinkling is smoking. Smokers often possess yellowish and thick wrinkles on their face.

7. Lead to Heat Rash

A heat rash is easily caused by sun contact when sweat releases under the skin. Generally, a heat rash looks like red clusters of pimples that occur during hot and humid weather. It’s also more  likely to develop in the skin folds, the groin, or on the neck.

Related: What Causes Skin Rashes and How to Treat Them

Heat rash is caused by long term sun exposure

Heat rash is caused by UV ray exposure in a long time

8. Damage the Eyes

One of the bad ways the sun can affect your body is to damage the eyes. Long term exposure to UV rays may damage your outer layer, affecting your vision. Over time, you will develop cataract which causes blindness if left untreated.

9. Result in Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is your body’s response to the loss of salt and water excess. People who work in a heat environment or under the sunlight are at risk of heat exhaustion. When heat exhaustion occurs, you may experience

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Thirst
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Heavy sweating

10. Skin Cancer

This is a bad way that the sun can affect your body. Long-term exposure to the sun put you at high risk of skin cancer. The sun has an impact on your skin over the years, so the older you are, the bigger the risk of skin cancer. Skin cancer can spread to different parts of the body if you left untreated. Most skin cancer is nonmelanoma that is very common and treatable.

Long-term exposure to the sun put you at high risk of skin cancer

Long-term sun exposure puts you at high risk of skin cancer

How to Protect Yourself From the Sun

The sun can affect your body both good and bad sides. To prevent the harmfulness of the sun, you should follow the following guidelines

  • Apply sunscreen. Always apply sunscreen even though you only stay at home. If you go out, should apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out. Remember to reapply every two or four hours. An SPF 30 or higher is helpful.
  • Cover up. Wear long sleeve clothing or hats when you go out to protect your skin from UV rays. Don’t forget to wear sunglasses to avoid eye damage.
  • Plan your exposure. The UV rays work strongest between 10 a.m and 4 p.m, so you should limit to go out during the time.
  • Avoid tanning bed Tanning beds increase your sun exposure that contributes to skin damage. You should only use them in the morning and keep them far away in the afternoon.